In a recent study, the nitrification performance, metabolic activity, antioxidant enzyme activity as well as bacterial community of mixed nitrifying bacteria culture under different temperature dropping strategies were evaluated using 16S gene sequencing...
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As one of the most vital major food crops feeding almost half the earth's population, rice often suffers from heat stress in tropical and subtropical regions. Studying rice heat stress tolerance mechanism is critical for breeding new heat tolerant rice varieties. Scientists recently performed RNA-Seq analysis to check rice transcriptomic differences in response to heat stress in both heat-tolerant (HT, HT54) and heat-sensitive (HS, HT13) lines...
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Researchers from the University of California at San Diego recently demonstrated how pools of oligonucleotides can be used to generate bisulfite padlock probes (BSPP). BSPP is a method for the targeted quantification of DNA methylation in mammalian genomes. They can simultaneously characterize the level of methylcytosine modification in a large number of targeted regions at single-base resolution...
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Plastic trash is common in oceans. Terrestrial and marine ecosystem interactions occur in the intertidal zone where accumulation of plastic frequently occurs. However, knowledge of the plastic-associated microbial community (the plastisphere) in the intertidal zone is scant. Scientists recently utilized 16S gene sequencing to profile the bacterial communities attached to microplastic samples from intertidal locations around the Yangtze estuary in China...
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lc sciences
Oxytocin (OT) can modulate multiple physiological functions via binding to the widely distributed oxytocin receptor (OTR). In a recent study, scientists investigated the seasonal expressions of OT, OTR and extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK1/2) signaling pathway components in the scented gland of muskrat during the breeding and non-breeding seasons...
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Sweet potato (Impomoea batatas L.) is a globally important economic food crop with the potential to become a bioenergy and pharmaceutical crop. Thus, studying the molecular mechanism of tuberous root development and storage is very important. A recent study employed next generation high-throughput deep sequencing technology to sequence all small RNAs and the degradome of sweet potato to systematically investigate sweet potato response to chilling stress during storage...
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The loss of normal regulation of corticosteroid secretion is important in the development of cardiovascular disease. Scientists from the University of Glasgow previously showed that microRNAs regulate the terminal stages of corticosteroid biosynthesis. In a recent study, they assess microRNA regulation across the whole corticosteroid pathway using miRNA microarray technology...
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The nervous system is present in all but two animal phyla – one of them being Porifera, sponges. Sponges have no neurons and yet have organized behavior and finely tuned sensation. Furthermore, sponges have genes involved in the nervous system of other animals (informally called ‘neural’ genes)...
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important for plant growth and responses to environmental stresses via post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Tea, which is primarily produced from one bud and two tender leaves of the tea plant (Camellia sinensis), is one of the most popular non-alcoholic beverages worldwide owing to its abundance of secondary metabolites...
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VariantPro
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a classic mitochondrial disease, associated with a rapid, pain­less, acute or sub‑acute bilateral visual loss in young adults, predominantly caused by primary and secondary mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). mtDNA is a double‑stranded 16,569‑nucleotide pair, circular molecule, consisting of one D‑Loop region and 37 genes. There is a variance in the reported incidence of known LHON...
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